Carat refers to the weight of a diamond and makes for the mere size of a diamond. One carat equals 0.2gr or 100 points.
The 4 C’s | Color
Diamonds come in a variety of colors ranging from colorless to deep brown or even black. However, most diamonds range from colorless to yellow. In today’s market, colorless diamonds are considered the most valuable. Exceptions to this rule are however Fancy Diamonds.
The 4 C’s | Clarity
As natural diamonds are formed deep inside the earth they all contain traces of their growth. These impurities or inclusions significantly alter the value of a diamond. A diamond with less visible inclusions is considered more valuable. A diamond with no inclusions visible through a diamond loupe is called “Loupe Clean (LC).
The 4 C’s | Cut
The cut and the shape of a diamond are often misinterpret. Whereas the cut refers to the quality of the polishing of the diamond, the shape indicates the form in which a diamond was polished. The cut determines how well light interacts with a diamond and has an enormous impact on a diamond’s brilliance or “fire” as diamond brokers call it. The more fire it has, the more valuable a diamond is.
The quality of the cut is determined by three parameters: Proportions (is the size of the table in proportion with the height?), Polish (do all facets line up nicely?) and Symmetry (is it fully symmetrical?)